Bilingualism and Cognition
Does bilingualism affect cognition? If so, what are the conditions that mediate those effects? Are they internal/individual, such as age, aging or proficiency? Or are they external and contextual, such as access to bilingual education and, consequently, biliteracy? Also, as linguists, we are interested in understanding why bilinguals learning a third language seem to do better than monolinguals. Is it because the bilingual experience enhances general aptitude, working memory capacity/attentional control, motivation, learning strategy use, all of the above? What are the consequences for the teaching of additional languages to multilinguals?